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Eduardo Garcia

Knowmad by definition

Location: Costa Rica

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Last weekend I organize and participate in the initiative of Drupal Community Global Sprint Weekend with a location in Costa Rica.

Among talks and contributions I found a interesting request in Drupal 8 and I want to share with my the implementation.

I want to create a Multi Step Form, because Drupal 8 doesn't have an official release yet there are many stuff we easily do in Drupal 7 but now in some way to need to learn again how to solve our problems in a different way or Drupal/Symfony Style.

I will create a Multi Step Form to enable users to find a car providing Year, Body Style and Gas Mileage.

Create a Module

I will skip the explanation about how to create the Module multi_step_form in Drupal 8 because could be generated using the project Drupal Console executing the following command.

$ drupal generate:module

After generate the module we will use another command to add a Form with properties required as you can see below

$ drupal generate:form:config

As result we will get a form with a method buildForm like this

/**
 * {@inheritdoc}
 */
public function buildForm(array $form, FormStateInterface $form_state) {

  $config = $this->config('multi_step.multi_step_form_config');

  $form['model'] = [
    '#type' => 'select',
    '#title' => $this->t('Model'),
    '#description' => $this->t(''),
          '#options' => array('1997', '1998', '1999', '2000', '2001', '2002', '2003', '2004', '2005', '2006', '2007', '2008', '2009', '2010', '2011', '2012', '2013', '2014', '2015'),
          '#default_value' => $config->get('model'),
  ];

  $form['body_style'] = [
    '#type' => 'checkboxes',
    '#title' => $this->t('Body Style'),
    '#description' => $this->t(''),
          '#options' => array('Coupe', 'Sedan', 'Convertible', 'Hatchbac', 'Station wagon', 'SUV', 'Minivan', 'Full-size van', 'Pick-up'),
          '#default_value' => $config->get('body_style'),
  ];

  $form['gas_mileage'] = [
    '#type' => 'radios',
    '#title' => $this->t('Gas Mileage'),
    '#description' => $this->t(''),
          '#options' => array('20 mpg or less', '21 mpg or more', '26 mpg or more', '31 mpg or more', '36 mpg or more', '41 mpg or more'),
          '#default_value' => $config->get('gas_mileage'),
  ];

  return parent::buildForm($form, $form_state);

}

Define step property

Inside the Form class we need to a protected property to store the current step of Multi Step,check the following snippet.

class MultiStepForm extends ConfigFormBase
 {

  protected $step = 1;

Get parent form

Instead of call parent functon buildForm at the end I will call at the beginning to modify the form before the form is render.

/**
 * {@inheritdoc}
 */
public function buildForm(array $form, FormStateInterface $form_state) {
  $form = parent::buildForm($form, $form_state);

Filter form elements by step

Now we need filter what elements of form will be rendered based in step value, as you can see in following snippet.

if($this->step == 1) {
  $form['model'] = [
    '#type' => 'select',
    '#title' => $this->t('Model'),
    '#description' => $this->t(''),
          '#options' => array('1997', '1998', '1999', '2000', '2001', '2002', '2003', '2004', '2005', '2006', '2007', '2008', '2009', '2010', '2011', '2012', '2013', '2014', '2015'),
          '#default_value' => $config->get('model'),
  ];
}

Change submit label

Now we need alter the label of submit button to inform end user that there is a next step or if we reach the end of multi step.

In our case we only have 3 steps and the code will be like this

if($this->step < 3) {
  $button_label = $this->t('Next');
}
else {
  $button_label = $this->t('Find a Car');
}

$form['actions']['submit']['#value'] = $button_label;

return $form;

Enable Multi Step

At the end we need enable the Multi Step Form behaviour, to do this is necessary modify the method submitForm forcing Form Rebuild if we don't reach yet the last step of Multi Step using the method setRebuild() part of Form State.

The submitForm method will be similar to following code

/**
 * {@inheritdoc}
 */
public function submitForm(array &$form, FormStateInterface $form_state) {
  if($this->step < 3) {
    $form_state->setRebuild();
    $this->step++;
  }
  else {
    parent::submitForm($form, $form_state);
    /*$this->config('multi_step.multi_step_form_config')
          ->set('model', $form_state->getValue('model'))
          ->set('body_style', $form_state->getValue('body_style'))
          ->set('gas_mileage', $form_state->getValue('gas_mileage'))
        ->save();*/
  }
}

If you want test a full implementation of Multi Step you can download the module drupal8_multi_step_form.

I hope you found this blog entry useful.


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